使用源码编译、安装MySQL5.1

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  上个月月初,记录了在CentSO下使用RPM方式安装MySQL5.5 的笔记。这次需要编译安装MySQL5.5 ,并且要包含InnoDB的支持。这次的操作系统是 RHEL 6.4 x86_64,首先需要删除掉随系统安装的MySQL软件包。

 #rpm -aq|grep mysql
mysql-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64
mysql-connector-odbc-5.1.5r1144-7.el6.x86_64
mysql-devel-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64
mysql-server-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64
mysql-libs-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64

#rpm -e mysql-server
#rpm -e mysql-devel
#rpm -e mysql
#rpm -e mysql-connector-odbc
#rpm -e --nodeps mysql-libs

   编译过程中出现过一些错误,所以我先列出我这次需要安装的几个软件包。

rpm -ivh /media/Packages/autoconf-2.63-5.1.el6.noarch.rpm 
rpm -ivh /media/Packages/automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh /media/Packages/libtool-2.2.6-15.5.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh /media/Packages/ncurses-devel-5.7-3.20090208.el6.x86_64.rpm

##make: *** No targets specified and no makefile found. stop.
rpm -ivh /media/Packages/libstdc++-devel-4.4.7-3.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh /media/Packages/gcc-c++-4.4.7-3.el6.x86_64.rpm

 

  按照要求,这次的数据库文件要放在/data目录下面。下面开始安装:

 #mkdir -p /data/mysql/data 
#mkdir /data/backup

添加一个名为mysql的用户用于执行mysql,并禁止其登陆:
#/usr/sbin/useradd -d /data/mysql -s /bin/false mysql

如果提示mysql用户已存在,则执行下面一句命令禁止其登陆:
#/usr/sbin/usermod -s /bin/false mysql

设置目录权限:
#chown -f -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql

#tar zxvf mysql-5.1.67.tar.gz
#cd mysql-*
#./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/mysql \
--enable-assembler \
--with-mysqld-user=mysql \
--with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static \
--with-client-ldflags=-all-static
--with-extra-charsets=all \
--with-charset=utf8 \
--with-collation=utf8_general_ci \
--with-pthread \
--enable-static \
--enable-thread-safe-client \
--with-big-tables \
--with-plugins=innobase \
--without-debug
#make && make install

设置开机启动:
#cp ~/mysql-5.1.67/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
#chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
#chkconfig --add mysqld
#chkconfig mysqld on

配置my.cnf:
#mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.origin
#cat /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/my-innodb-heavy-4G.cnf | egrep -v '^#|^$' > /etc/my.cnf

 

  下一步,将/etc/my.cnf.origin中的内容添加到/etc/my.cnf。/etc/my.cnf修改的内容如下:

 [client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
[mysqld]
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/data/mysql/data
user=mysql
# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0

port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysqld_safe]
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
open-files-limit = 8192

 

  创建mysql数据库实例:

 #cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
#./mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data --user=mysql

#service mysqld start

 

  添加MySQL命令到环境变量:

 # cat ~/.bash_profile 
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin

export PATH
~

执行下面的命令,时修改生效:
#source ~/.bash_profile

 

  最后,执行#/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation 按照提示,完成设置MySQL的root密码,删除匿名用户,禁止root远程连接,删除 test库,Reload privilege tables等操作。登陆MySQL,使用命令 show variables like "have_%";  查看have_innodb 功能已经安装。

  如果数据量很大,服务器内存很多,需要使用my-huge.cnf作为MySQL 的配置文件,可以参考下面的设置:

#my-huge.cnf with innodb support   

# Example MySQL config file for very large systems.
#
# This is for a large system with memory of 1G-2G where the system runs mainly
# MySQL.
#
# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of
# locations which depend on the deployment platform.
# You can copy this option file to one of those
# locations. For information about these locations, see:
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the "--help" option.

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#password = your_password
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
# Here follows entries for some specific programs

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/data/mysql/data
user=mysql
# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0

port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
skip-locking
key_buffer_size = 384M
default-storage-engine=INNODB
#max_allowed_packet = 1M
max_allowed_packet = 512M
table_open_cache = 512
sort_buffer_size = 2M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 64M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_size = 32M
# Try number of CPU's*2 for thread_concurrency
thread_concurrency = 8

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!
#
#skip-networking
# Replication Master Server (default)
# binary logging is required for replication
log-bin=mysql-bin

# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
# defaults to 1 if master-host is not set
# but will not function as a master if omitted
server-id = 1

# Replication Slave (comment out master section to use this)
#
# To configure this host as a replication slave, you can choose between
# two methods :
#
# 1) Use the CHANGE MASTER TO command (fully described in our manual) -
# the syntax is:
#
# CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=, MASTER_PORT=,
# MASTER_USER=, MASTER_PASSWORD= ;
#
# where you replace , , by quoted strings and
# by the master's port number (3306 by default).
#
# Example:
#
# CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='125.564.12.1', MASTER_PORT=3306,
# MASTER_USER='joe', MASTER_PASSWORD='secret';
#
# OR
#
# 2) Set the variables below. However, in case you choose this method, then
# start replication for the first time (even unsuccessfully, for example
# if you mistyped the password in master-password and the slave fails to
# connect), the slave will create a master.info file, and any later
# change in this file to the variables' values below will be ignored and
# overridden by the content of the master.info file, unless you shutdown
# the slave server, delete master.info and restart the slaver server.
# For that reason, you may want to leave the lines below untouched
# (commented) and instead use CHANGE MASTER TO (see above)
#
# required unique id between 2 and 2^32 - 1
# (and different from the master)
# defaults to 2 if master-host is set
# but will not function as a slave if omitted
#server-id = 2
#
# The replication master for this slave - required
#master-host =
#
# The username the slave will use for authentication when connecting
# to the master - required
#master-user =
#
# The password the slave will authenticate with when connecting to
# the master - required
#master-password =
#
# The port the master is listening on.
# optional - defaults to 3306
#master-port =
#
# binary logging - not required for slaves, but recommended
#log-bin=mysql-bin
#
# binary logging format - mixed recommended
#binlog_format=mixed
binlog_format=mixed

# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/var
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2000M;ibdata2:10M:autoextend
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/var

innodb_data_home_dir = /data/mysql/data
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2000M;ibdata2:10M:autoextend
innodb_log_group_home_dir = /data/mysql/data
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 384M
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 20M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 600M
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 10M

# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
#innodb_log_file_size = 100M
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

innodb_log_file_size = 100M
innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50


[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 1024M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 256M
sort_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout

 

本文结束。

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